|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 21, 2018 at 7:15 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August 21) in 1831, African-American slave began a rebellion to free slaves in Virginia. Turner and his freedom fighters went from plantation to plantation freeing slaves and confiscating guns. In retaliation, the Virginia legislator raised the militia and passed legislation denying jury trials to free blacks and mandating that any free black convicted of a crime be sold into slavery and relocated. The rebellion lasted for two days before being suppressed. Turner escaped until October 30. He was executed on November 5, 1831.
|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 19, 2018 at 8:50 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August 19) in the year 14 the first Roman Emperor Augustus died. Augustus had succeeded in pulling all executive power in Rome into his own hands, but he was always careful to preserve the appearance that the Republic was still functioning. He was succeeded by his stepson, Tiberius.
|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 18, 2018 at 11:20 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August Eighteen) in 1587, Virginia Dare was born in Roanoke Colony. She was the first English person born in the new world. Three years later, her grandfather, Governor John White, would find her missing with the rest of the colony when he finally succeeded in returning from England with fresh supplies. Her ultimate fate is still unknown.
|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 17, 2018 at 5:10 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August 17) in 1958, the United States attempted to launch Pioneer 0 into orbit, but the booster rocket blew up shortly after launch. The satellite was called Pioneer 0 (instead of Pioneer 1) because it failed to reach orbit. This rocket was launched by the U.S. Air Force. The rest of the Pioneer launches would be carried out by NASA.
|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 16, 2018 at 10:55 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August 16) in 1793 the National Convention declared a levee en masse to protect the French Revolution from invasion by other European powers. All able-bodied men ages 18-25 were conscripted into the army. This created massive French armies which were often able to overwhelm the small professional armies of the other European states. At its peak in 1794, the levee en masse put 1,500,000 men into the French army.
|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 15, 2018 at 5:05 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August 15) in 747, Carloman renounced his office of Mayor of the Palace and became a monk. This allowed his brother, Pepin the Short, to reunite all of the Frankish lands, paving the way for himself to become king and his son, Charlemagne, to become emperor.
|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 14, 2018 at 5:10 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August 14) in 1935 Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act. This legislation is the foundation document of the modern welfare system in the United States. It provided direct financial assistance to the elderly, the unemployed, and some children. The act was challenged before the Supreme Court both as an unconstitutional payment and an unconstitutional tax but the Supreme Court upheld the act in 5-4 and 7-2 decisions.
|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 13, 2018 at 6:45 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August 13) in 1624, French King Louis XIII appointed Cardinal Richelieu prime minister of France. Richelieu worked tirelessly to break political factions in France and elevate the power of the monarchy. And of course, he is an important antagonist in Alexandre Dumas’ The Three Musketeers.
|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 12, 2018 at 6:30 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August 12) in 1950, North Korean troops murdered American prisoners of war in the Bloody Gulch Massacre. During the course of the battle over Pongam-ni, two battalions of field artillery were left without close infantry support and the North Koreans took advantage of the situation, killing hundreds of Americans. 75 soldiers were captured as the Americans withdrew. The North Koreans killed their prisoners—55 by machine gun and 20 via bullet to the head.
|Posted by Gilbert Stack on August 11, 2018 at 6:10 AM||comments (0)|
On this day (August 11) in 1934 the first non-military prisoners were brought to Alcatraz—an island prison off the coast of California designed to hold prisoners causing trouble in other prisons. Most of the original prisoners were bank robbers and murderers. Al Capone spent some time there and Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin planned and carried out one of the most incredible prison escapes of all time from Alcatraz.