|Posted by Gilbert Stack on June 13, 2018 at 5:10 AM|
On this day (June 13) in 1966, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the police must inform a suspect of his or her right to a lawyer before and during questioning and the right to stay silent so that they do not incriminate themselves. The case was Miranda v. Arizona.
Ernesto Miranda’s case is fascinating. He was arrested in 1963 for the kidnapping and rape of an 18 year old girl. After a two hour interrogation, he signed a confession. His lawyer tried to have the confession excluded from evidence arguing it wasn’t truly voluntary. After the Supreme Court agreed with him, Miranda was retried and convicted without his confession. (His girlfriend testified that he had told her he had committed the crime, plus there was circumstantial evidence.) In 1967 he was sentenced to 20-30 years in prison, but he was paroled in 1972 after which he made his living autographing the cards which hold the printed statement that police use to read the “Miranda rights” to subjects. He was killed in a barroom brawl in 1976.